Best innovative and modern building construction materials list in 2020
Building or renovating, there is no problem what it is, but you have one question left, right? What building materials you need? Yes, building materials are essential. And choosing building materials is too frustrating! That is because you do not know whether you are buying the right one. Or whether that particular material will suit the purpose! So, no worries, we are bringing you this article covering every single bit! You will ultimately find answers for your doubts after reading this article! Then, let us begin our journey through building materials!
Building materials suppliers: Where to buy building materials?
Regardless of you are building an outdoor deck or a fence. Maybe outing a slide on the new house, or laying concrete in the driveway, you need resources. You need support that uses in as the building materials. There are always things that need to use in making anything.
You are making a cake, and what do you need? You need some key ingredients like flour, sugar, butter, and eggs. Then comes the part of making icing, which is quite not that required. So, just like that, there are main things that you need and things that only come up. And these things that only come up are not necessary, but for a detail description, you need them!
That is why, when constructing a building, you need supplies! Needlepoint ones and massive logs too.
There are various building material suppliers in the US and around the globe. Some suppliers are world-recognized, while some are local dealers. But as a majority, most suppliers have all building suppliers for any kind of construction. Are you not sure what type of lumber or sidings you want? That is when the role of building supplier consultants comes!
Building supplier consultants:
They are like guidance givers who check on the client’s requirement and recommend the right type of material. Not all clients are knowledgeable about the contents. So, they go to buy the first material under the concept, “what you see first is always right!”
Just like when buying structural lumber for construction projects, there are several sizes.
- 2×6 size
- 2×8 size
- 2×10 size
And there are several subcategories of structural lumber, such as studs. Studs are lumber that is two to four inches thick and two to four inches wide. These things are in use for several reasons in structural constructions. So, in the end, it is up to you to choose your building material supplier. But yet, find someone who has all that you need.
Construction materials or building materials are any materials used in the process of construction. These objects use for purposes such as building houses, large scale apartment buildings, and any other structural solid creations. The most common construction materials are cement, wood, metals, bricks, aggregates, and concrete. The choice of using any of these materials depends on their cost-effectiveness for the construction projects.
Some of the naturally occurring substances such as sand, wood, clay, and rocks, and even leaves and twigs were in used as construction materials. These are used in large scale building projects.
- When building the Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
- Great Wall of China, China
- Royal Palace of Sigiriya, Sri Lanka
Other than occurring natural materials, many human-made products are in use.
The manufacturing of building materials is a stable industry in almost all countries. And then, the use of these materials is separated among specific specialty trades. This part divided into carpentry, plumbing, insulation work, and roofing. And even it includes the reference of deals with the structures and habitats.
Building and construction material: different types of materials in used
Natural Construction materials:
Construction materials divided into two primary sources called synthetic and natural. Natural materials are objects that are unprocessed or half processed by the industrial company. Substances like lumber and glass are natural materials.
Substances such as plastics and paints based on petroleums are human-made products that use in building construction. Both have their uses.
Mud, fibrous plants, and other stones are the primary materials aside from tents made out of flexible materials like cloth or skin. People around the world have their homes created suiting their weather conditions as a majority, stones, and natural brushes used in as the rudimentary building structural component. And when using these in buildings, mud is used as an intermediate component. Here mud act as a type of concrete or insulation.
For example, wattle and daub used to build houses in many tropical countries after the ruins of ancient wattle and daub houses discovered in Ranchamadama, Sri Lanka. Now, this method has become the summer structure, like in Hawaii.
A tent is the most preferred house among nomadic groups in the world. There are two well-known types in the world. This portion includes teepee and circular yurt. Tents are the most basic constructional technique with the development of technology. On the other hand, this called a significant construction technique as it was the first step in the event of tensile architecture and synthetic fabrics.
Modern buildings can also make use of flexible materials such as fabric membranes. But there is a steel cable support of internal air pressure inside the fiber membranes.
Mud and clay
The amount and the number of materials used in building lead to different styles and patterns of buildings. And the last deciding factor is always connected with the quality of the soil used while bringing. A large amount of clay is used when structure means you are going in for a cob/adobe style. While a low amount of clay soil used means sod building style. The other main ingredients include here go with the ratio of portions. Low to more amount is how the combining completed between the two main elements. The sub-elements like sand to gravel and straw to grass portioned according to the necessity.
Rammed Earth is both a modern and ancient take on creating a building. This mixture, made by clay mixed with soils, between the planks using the hand. New forms and mechanical pneumatic compressors used. Since this is a building material from Earth, the temperatures remain constant. Homes built using earth materials tend to be naturally cool during the summer and comfortably warm during the winter. Clay is a material that holds heat and cold and releases it for a considerable period. Clays act more like stone, in that case.
These Earthen walls change the temperature slowly, so there is no need for artificial methods for raising or lowering the temperature. Homes built using these natural materials such as dirt and clay, cos, sod, and adobe are long-lasting constructions. This idea means they tend to exist for centuries in many countries in the western and the eastern parts of the world. These building techniques have faded away from the world, but still, they continue in some parts of a few countries. Most importantly, these buildings remain habitable even after so many centuries from the building.
Buildings and structures made of rocs have existed as long as history can recall. Stones are the longest-lasting building materials available on Earth. Most importantly, it is readily available. There are many types of rocks available throughout the Earth, each with different compositions and attributes. This factor makes them better or worse than one another and specific for a particular purpose.
Rocks are very dense materials, so it is famous as a protection provider. The main drawback or rocks is its weight and awkwardness. Meanwhile, the energy density of stones is also the main drawback since rocks find it hard to keep warm without a proper heating resource. Rocks and stones played a massive part in human life throughout eras. The Stone Age gives the obvious idea from its name—rocks, used in making weapons—household equipment and even agricultural tools throughout human history. Eventually, different forms and types of rocks used to mix or as pure substances when making daily items—the most commonplace, taken by cement.
- The granite strewn uplands of Dartmoor National Park, the United Kingdom of early settlers
- The alabaster micro tools of Pahiyangala cave, Sri Lanka of the pre-historic man
- Then there are circular huts constructed from loose granite rocks throughout the Neolithic and early Bronze Age built about 5000 years ago remains
Granite continued in use through the human revolution and even then through the medieval period till modern times. Slate is another type of stone type commonly used in roofing. Slate roofs are typical in the United Kingdom and many other parts of the world.
Mostly, stone buildings are ordinary in significant cities. Some civilizations built entirely with stones such as the Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, the Aztec Pyramids, and the remains of the Inca Civilization.
Used building materials
When using “used building materials,” it literary does not mean it, used. It involves deep further than that! The word “used” means that the condition of the material should test as it was under usage before. There are so many building materials that use as second-hand materials. There are several properties that you need to check before you buy used building materials. These include engineering properties, and remember these factors are points that consider the quality and the capacity of the material. This part is a list of such highly concerned features.
- Physical properties
- Mechanical Properties
- Chemical Properties
- Electrical Properties
- Magnetic Properties
- Thermal Properties
There are other points as well that are considered by professionals when purchasing used building materials. This list is more like a science lab, chemical property list. But still, this is no joke.
You need to consider these points when buying used materials.
- Bulk density
- Density Index
- Specific Gravity
- Fire resistance
- Frost resistance
- Weathering resistance
- Spalling resistance
- Water absorption
- Water permeability
- Coefficient of softening
New construction materials
Modern construction materials or new construction materials are building materials that are human-made and invented recently.
Most importantly, these materials have no connection with the past human civilizations and have origins ultimately. This time is an anticipated era of construction and gaining good momentum! This time is the 21st century. We have drones, virtual reality, BIM, augmented reality, project management, and many more! And that technology has improved raw materials and now has created entirely new stuff out of technology.
These are the most common new construction materials in use,
- Translucent wood
- The cooling system in bricks
- Cigarette butts to make bricks
- Martian Concrete
- Light-generating cement
- The CABKOMA strand rod
- Biologically produced furniture
- Floating piers
- Pollution absorbing bricks
- Self-Healing concrete
The cooling system in blocks makes using clay and hydrogen interiors. Advance Architecture Institute created this new material. The cooling effect is in the interior of the cube. This brick absorbs water and releases a cooled air, which makes its surrounding cool similar to as air-conditioned.
And the cigarette butts to make bricks are taking a sizeable lousy impact in the environment away. Elements such as nickel, arsenic, cadmium, and chromium enter the soil when you throw the cigarette butt away into the surrounding. To reduce this adverse impact of cigarettes on the environment, this is the right solution. This function is an excellent method of removing lousy waste in an eco-friendly way. You need to know this fact, every year, 6 million cigarettes manufacture, and 1.2 million tons of cigarette butts thrown into the environment.
Green building materials
The purpose of using green building materials is to construct an energy-efficient structure. If one is to build such eco-friendly structures, they need to be aware of the properties of them. Meanwhile, you need to understand the way those materials contribute to saving energy.
There are many types of green building materials in the modern world. These are the most common green building materials in use.
- Earthen materials – materials like adobe, rammed Earth, and cob is reliable and highly durable earthen materials. Then straw, grass, and other fibrous materials are also bringing excellent structural support.
- Engineered Wood – This is the most eminent building material. But during the production process, a large amount of wood is wasted. But unlike standard lumber, engineered wood contains different layers of wood.
- Bamboo – This is the most used, multi-purpose, and highly durable materials used in construction. This material is economical, too, since the plant grows irrespective of the climate condition.
Building materials are elements used when building structural constructions. So, it is essential to get the most suitable content out of dozens in markets. We think that this article was useful to hand guidance and that now you know what documents you need to renovate your house. Then, hope that everything is beautiful, and you will build or renovate your home using these materials mentioned in here!